917 - Battle of Tempsford

Battle of Tempsford

A group of Danish vikings moved from Huntingdon to Tempsford where they build a defensive structure, they tried to loot Bedford, but were stopped by an Anglo-Saxon army led by the King Edward the Elder, which had attacked the Danish vikings in East Anglia and south-eastern Mercia in a counterattack.
Tempsford was stormed and the Danish king
King Guthrum
Guthrum was killed, and also the two noble earls Toglos and Manna died, the survivors were captured. Danes were also defeated when the avenging
Sigtryg 2 conquered Dublin
Mercians under the command of Aethelflaed stormed Derby and Leicester. And Danes located in East Anglia and Mercia were defeated at Wiggingamere.

Sigtryg 2 led a group of Vikings and recaptured Dublin.

915 - Vikings ransomed a bishop

The grandchild of Olaf, the father to Gorm the old became king.
A united Danish and Slav raided the Hamburg Sprengel area.
Ragnvald and Sigtryg the squint eyed won a battle at Corbridge, and gained control of York.

Viking Jorvik 886-954
A large Viking fleet arriving from the Éuropean continent ravaged Gwent as far inland as Archenfield, capturing the bishop of Llandaff, named Cameleac, who was later ransomed by the Wessex king Edward the Elder for a sum of forty pounds.

914 - Vikings occupied Brittany

A large Norwegian army defeated the Bretons,nobles and Clergy fled to the court of Athelstan. Villages were pillaged and a large part of the population were enslaved.
Vikings occupied and raided Brittany until 939.
Hroald and Ohtar raided Wales from Brittany they were defeated by Anglo-saxons and Hroald was killed.
A second viking age began. The descendants of  Ivar returned and conquered parts of Ireland. Eire's first town, Waterford, was founded near by the River Suir. Ottir the black became the first ruler of Waterford.
Between 914 and 922,  4 towns: Waterford, Cork, Dublin, Wexford and Limerick were founded.

913 - Igor became ruler

A new viking force conquered Dublin, and established Sihtric as king.
After Oleg died Igor became Prince of the Kiev Rus and ruled from 913-945
Caspian Sea
Rus carried their ships from Don to Volga and 500 ships with Viking raiders arrived in the Caspian Sea where Rus defeated a Muslim fleet. They raided at Baku, and plundered the regions of Arran, Tabaristan, Beylagan, and Shirvan. Rus raiders looted as much as they could, and took women and children as thralls. Near the Volga river, the Rus' were attacked by Khazars, and their Christian allies, the Rus raiders whom fled were captured or slain by the Burtas and Volga Bulgars

912 Rus defeated Muslim fleet

Hague-Dick, Normandy
Duke Rollo was baptized by the archbishop of Rouen, most of his men was also baptized and Rollo shared his land to his warrior and gave his Duchy laws from Danish practice. Normandy became one of Frances most prosperous provinces, and Rollo was a loyal vassal to the French king. Christianity became more and more widespread among the vikings, all though a lot of the baptized vikings later resented to the more tolerant paganism.

Rus carried their ships from Don to Volga and 500 ships with Viking raiders arrived in the Caspian Sea where Rus defeated a Muslim fleet.
Egil Skallagrimsson killed in a furious rage a boy that bullied him.Smashing him on the head with an axe while they were playing and it was said he could compose poems by the age of  3.

911 Duchy of Normandy established

The duchy of Normandy was established, Chartres was attacked by vikings from the Seine area. The citizens of Chartres fought bravely and received help from Paris. After a devastating defeat in front of the city gates the vikings had to cancel the siege and retreat. Charles the simple met with the viking leader Rollo(Rolfr) in St. Clair-sur-Epte. Rollo was the son of a Danish chieftain, he was driven out of Denmark according to the Norman medieval historian Dudo. But The Old Norse Kings’ Sagas, an important part of Norwegian and Icelandic history, claim that Rollo and Ganger-Hrólf(Rolf the walker, got the nickname, because he was to big to sit on a Viking horse) are one and the same person.Answers in 2016 when Norwegian and French authorities present the results from the analysis.
Rollo, Duke of Normandy
Charles the simple completely legalized the viking control of Normandy, by making Rollo a French duke and gave him the area as a duchy. The Franks definition of the vikings: Norman, later became the new name for the duchy. Carolingian documents informed us that the Scandinavian raiders received 19.5 Tons silver and 300 kg gold
Statue of Rollo
The Wessex kings brave sister Aethelflaed of Mercia led an army against the vikings and defeated them at Wednesfield, Mercia. And after her victory she and her brother the king started to rebuild castles and build new castles at strategic places now they could be a danger to the Danelaw area.

Aethelflaed, Lady of Mercia

The rulers of Northumbria: Ragnvald and Sigtryg Gale (Both of the Norwegian royal Dublin dynasty) was now alerted and worried. 


Prince Oleg of the Rus and his Slav allies made a treaty with Byzantine, Leo the wise recognized the fighting qualities of the Rus and began hiring them as mercenaries known as the Varangian guard.


Drogheda was established as a Viking settlement on the River Boyne.

910 - Battle of Tettenhall,

Edward the Elder with forces from Mercia and Wessex defeated an army of Northumbrian Danelaw Vikings at he Battle of Tettenhall.
King Halfdan and king Eowils were killed and the viking army suffered heavy casualties.

909 Edward the elder attacked Northumbria

Edward the Elder ruler of Anglo-Saxons(899-924)
The Anglo-Saxon king revenged Viking raids and he sent an army to loot in Northumbria.
Viking jewels
A second Rus raid to the Caspian Sea happened in 909 or 910 and was probably targeting Abaskun , this expedition was with 16 ships.

907 - Constantinople attacked

Edward the elder regained in Chester.
Prince Oleg of Novgorod and his Slav allies attacked Constantinople but they was paid to sail away by emperor Leo 6 the wise.
Leo the wise, ruled 886-912

906 Peace in England

A Peace was negotiated between the Viking chieftain Guthrum 2 and Edward of Wessex. There were also regulations of the borders. Several vikings were baptized.

905 - Edward won

The Island was again a scene for battles between Anglo-Saxons and vikings. King Edward(son of Alfred he great) managed to defeat the rebel enemies and during the battles, his cousin Ethelred and the Danish king Eoric(son of Gudrum) died. The Danes in East Anglia chose no new king, but was ruled by earls.
Eric, son of King Harald the hairy of Norway, raided Wales, Scotland, Ireland and Brittany the next five years

904 Vikings killed the Welsh king Mervyn ap Rhodri Mawr

Vikings attacked Wessex.
The scald Egil Skallagrimsson was born at Borg, Western Iceland. His father Skallagrim fled from Norway, the father could not accept the harsh rule of Harald fairhair.
Vikings killed the Welsh king Mervyn ap Rhodri Mawr in a hit and run raid.
Viking swords

903 Ingimundr attacked the Welsh

A raiding party of Vikings referred to as Dub Gint or black pagans under the command of Ingimundr attacked the Welsh in a battle at Ros Meilon or Osmeliavn, perhaps near Holyhead.

902 - Vikings driven out of Dublin

Irish kings Cerball mac Muirecáin King of Leinster and Máel Findia mac Flannacáin King of Brega attacked the vikings in the longphort Ath Cliath (Dublin) from the north and the south, and they drove the vikings out of the area.
Ingimundr and the defeated Dublin Vikings sailed across the sea to Wales. They were opposed by Welsh forces under the command of either Hywel ap Cadell ap Rhodri Mawr or his brother Clydog, driving the Norsemen into the vicinty of Chester.
On December 13 the Anglo-Saxon army in Kent defeated the Vikings of East Anglia at the Battle of the Holme. Æthelwold ætheling was killed during the battle and the rebellion against Edward the elder stopped.

901 - Æthelwold ætheling rebelled against his cousin Edward the Elder

Edward became king of Wessex, but Edwards cousin Æthelwold ætheling made a claim for the throne and was supported by Danish vikings from East Anglia and Northumbria.
Gørlev runestone

900 - Edward the Elder new king of Anglo-Saxons

King Alfred the great made the Spaniard Orsoius Latin world history translate to Anglo-saxon, the book was supplied with extra information about the north European population. Denmark was named Denemarc, but Denmark was not recognized as one kingdom, and there was a difference between the south Danes(Jutland) and the north Danes(The islands and Scania). The information came from the two seafarers Wulfstan of Hedeby and the Norwegian Ohthere of Hålogaland. Wulfstan of Hedeby named Bornholm as an independent kingdom. Alfred the great died 26 October 899 and son Edward the Elder was crowned king of England at Kingston upon Thames the 8th june.
Orsoius Latin world history and Vedelspang runestone
Inscription "We Asfrid made this runestone,the daughter of Odinkar, after the king Sigtrygg, her and Gnupas son."

A Swedish king Olaf captured the Hedeby area and his sons Gurd and Gnupa ruled that area, but the rest of Denmark was under control of the Dane Hardeknud/Hardegon who was supported by Danes in England.
Gnupa became ruler in southern Denmark, he is mentioned on two rune stones in the Hedeby area, both rune stones was build by his wife Asfrid, to remember their son Sigtryg,

Several viking families settled by the Seine river. Viking raids started in Normandy, maybe because of internal struggles in Scandinavia.
Gotland Viking  & silver gold brooch
Gotland, Sweden
Visby was already an established trading center, the name of Visby means Vis, (genitive singular of Vi) meaning Old pagan place of religious worship and sacrifices", and the ending by, meaning village. Gotland was an independent island, with fertile land. The culture was different from the Swedish mainland, the picturestones large chalk stones with mythological scenes and pictures of ships and warriors. The high quality jewelry and enormous hidden silver treasures gives us a witness about an island that was rich and the wealth were not from trading but probably of viking ship attacks on trading vessels.
Viking age Gotland
700-800 ad Gotland stone
Gotland Viking market
Viking age Gotland Shrine

898 - Charles the simple was in trouble

The area at Seine and Somme was plundered by vikings. Charles the simple had become ruler after the death of king Odo of Paris, his leadership was bad which made the vikings get further strength, vikings now controlled the Normandy area.
Vikings attacked Armagh and build a camp at Lough Foyle (County Derry)
Hungarians attacked the Rus in Kiev.
The gold ring from Tissø weighs 1.78 kg. It is from around 900 AD. A wealthy person had this as a personal jewel and as payment in gold. It was buried and the later Icelandic sagas told us about chieftains, that secretly dug down silver and gold, so that they could remain wealthy when they arrived in Valhal.

897 -The Franks was shaken

Vikings reached the Loire area

896 - France suffered

The last of Hastein`s viking army  dispersed into East Anglia, Northumbria and the Seine area.
Vikings have been wintering at Quatford , but in the spring they attacked the Southern Wales kingdoms of Brycheiniog, Gwent, and the Gwynllg region of Glywyssing.
Asser recorded that Elisedd of Brycheiniog requested help from Alfred the great, but another reason for this may also be due to pressure from Anarawd ap Rhodri, the powerful king of Gwynedd and Deheubarth who is keen on expanding his areas of control. Dyfed's Hyfaidd ap Bledrig may be another southern Welsh king who, during his lifetime, similarly appeals to Alfred for aid and support to ward off Anarawd.
The viking army in England was finally dissolved and the viking raids halted. Most of the vikings sailed to France, and in France a large army was assembled and Count
Odo of Paris and Charles the simple did not have the strength for a serious defense and the Franks suffered again from viking raids.

895 Hasteins last fight

Raids by Danish vikings commanded by the infamous Hastein started in the former kingdom of Sussex. The Danes navigated the dragon ships up the River Thames and the River Lea and fortified 32 km north of London.

A counter attack on the Danish vikings by a West Saxon army failed, but, Alfred the great managed to construct two forts at both sides of the river to prevent further progress of the viking ships.

The Danes realized that they were outnumbered. They retreated north-westwards Midlands to a site on the Severn named Cwatbridge near Bridgnorth.

Vikings were defeated by the Irish men of Louth and Ulidia, Vikings lost 800 men.
At Ranheim, about ten kilometers north of Trondheim in Central Norway. A pagan holy place existed.
Danes wintering in Quatbridge in the Severn valley pillage and raid into South Wales, including Brycheiniog, Gwent, Gwynllwg, Morgannwg and Buel

894 Viking defeat at The Battle of Benfleet

The Battle of Benfleet was probably fought at South Benfleet, The Thames made the area open to Viking raiders and Benfleet was perfect as it had water and lots of timber. It was also hidden from the main stream. This was a perfect place to provision, hide and restructure. The tidal marsh area also offered a daily degree of protection from a surprise naval attack. Vikings preferred to have easy access to their ships, this was always a preferred method of retreat , it was also whenever possible, to have a fortification surrounded by water.

Hastein made a strong fortification, placed his wife and loot with a small group of guards, and then went off to raid. The Anglo Saxons decided to attack.

The Vikings were defeated in the battle by the army of King Alfred under the command of his son Edward the Elder and his son-in-law Earl Ethelflaed, who, with the help of wealthy merchants in London, raised a warrior  force that arrived at Hadleigh and Thundersley.

Hastein's spouse and two children were captured but king Alfred the great returned them because the two sons had been baptised; he was godfather to one of them, and Ethelred of Mercia to the other. So Hastein in exchange for that Hastein swore that he would leave and not cause trouble. The remaining vikings who survived fled to aViking fort at Shoeburyness.

When the Benfleet fortification had been conquered, all the Viking ships were either destroyed, set on fire or taken up river to London and Rochester according to the Anglo Saxon Chronicles, but the whole story was written 70 years later.

From the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle

"The fortress at Beamfleote had ere this been constructed by Haesten, and he was at the same time gone out to plunder and the Great Army was therein. Then they came thereto and put the army to flight and stormed the fortress and all that was within and brought the whole to London and Rochester, and they brought the wife of Haesten and his two sons to the king"